An Essay on the Principle of Population. The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in 1798, but the author was soon essay on population of india as Thomas Robert Malthus.
While it was not the first book on population, it was revised for over 28 years and has been acknowledged as the most influential work of its era. Malthus’s book fuelled debate about the size of the population in the Kingdom of Great Britain and contributed to the passing of the Census Act 1800. A key portion of the book was dedicated to what is now known as Malthus’ Iron Law of Population. In 1803, Malthus published, under the same title, a heavily revised second edition of his work. His final version, the 6th edition, was published in 1826.
In 1830, 32 years after the first edition, Malthus published a condensed version entitled A Summary View on the Principle of Population, which included responses to criticisms of the larger work. Between 1798 and 1826 Malthus published six editions of his famous treatise, updating each edition to incorporate new material, to address criticism, and to convey changes in his own perspectives on the subject. Malthus regarded ideals of future improvement in the lot of humanity with scepticism, considering that throughout history a segment of every human population seemed relegated to poverty. Yet in all societies, even those that are most vicious, the tendency to a virtuous attachment is so strong, that there is a constant effort towards an increase of population.