Jump to navigation Jump to search “French Africa” redirects here. For the French-speaking portion of Africa, see African French. The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate french essays that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
It became a moral mission to lift the world up to French standards by bringing Christianity and French culture. The higher races have a right over the lower races, they have a duty to civilize the inferior races. At its apex, it was one of the largest empires in history. 1920, with a population of 110 million people in 1939. During the 16th century, the French colonization of the Americas began.
The story of France’s colonial empire truly began on 27 July 1605, with the foundation of Port Royal in the colony of Acadia in North America, in what is now Nova Scotia, Canada. New France had a rather small population, which resulted from more emphasis being placed on the fur trade rather than agricultural settlements. Due to this emphasis, the French relied heavily on creating friendly contacts with the local First Nations community. Without the appetite of New England for land, and by relying solely on Aboriginals to supply them with fur at the trading posts, the French composed a complex series of military, commercial, and diplomatic connections. Through alliances with various Native American tribes, the French were able to exert a loose control over much of the North American continent. Areas of French settlement were generally limited to the St.
In 1699, French territorial claims in North America expanded still further, with the foundation of Louisiana in the basin of the Mississippi River. As the French empire in North America grew, the French also began to build a smaller but more profitable empire in the West Indies. See also: Category:French colonisation in Africa. French colonial expansion was not limited to the New World. In Senegal in West Africa, the French began to establish trading posts along the coast in 1624. In 1664, the French East India Company was established to compete for trade in the east. During the First World War, after France had suffered heavy casualties on the Western Front, they began to recruit soldiers from their African empire.