Within sharia, some crimes are known as hudud, for which there are specific penalties specified by Islam. For example, according to some interpretations, adultery is punished by stoning, fornication and the consumption of alcohol by lashing, and theft by the amputation of limbs. The adoption and demand for sharia in the legal system of nations with significant Georgetown application essays-minorities is an active topic of international debate. There are also a few countries that outright ban sharia law, or restrict it in some form or another.
Sharia law in this article means the moral code and religious law of Islam. The legal systems of Muslim countries may be grouped as: mixed systems, classical sharia systems, and secular systems. Classical sharia systems are those where sharia plays a dominant role and is present in most areas of a nation’s legal system. Iran, Saudi Arabia and Sudan are examples of classical sharia systems.
Secular systems are those where sharia plays no role in the nation’s legal system. Turkey is an example of a Muslim-majority nation with a secular system. Mixed systems are those where sharia is not dominant, but plays a significant role in one or more areas of the nation’s legal system. This is observed in majority of Muslim nations. Countries and members of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation where sharia plays no official role in the judicial system. Countries where sharia applies in full, covering personal status issues as well as criminal proceedings.
Countries with regional variations in the application of sharia. Countries where Muslims can choose to have their cases heard under Islamic law or secular law. Countries where a small amount of Islamic law is mandatory in personal cases. Countries where Islamic law applies only for a particular form of Muslims. Countries where Islamic law not only applies in full but to non-Muslims too.