Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect reference page for essay or link to, another object.
The first object in this relation is said to refer to the second object. It is called a name for the second object. The second object, the one to which the first object refers, is called the referent of the first object. References feature in many spheres of human activity and knowledge, and the term adopts shades of meaning particular to the contexts in which it is used. Some of them are described in the sections below. The word reference is derived from Middle English referren, from Middle French référer, from Latin referre, “to carry back”, formed from the prefix re- and ferre, “to bear”.
In semantics, reference is generally construed as the relationships between nouns or pronouns and objects that are named by them. Hence, the word “John” refers to the person John. The word “it” refers to some previously specified object. The very concept of the linguistic sign is the combination of content and expression, the former of which may refer entities in the world or refer more abstract concepts, e. Certain parts of speech exist only to express reference, namely anaphora such as pronouns.
In computer science, references are data types that refer to an object elsewhere in memory and are used to construct a wide variety of data structures, such as linked lists. References to many types of printed matter may come in an electronic or machine-readable form. In terms of mental processing, a self-reference is used in psychology to establish identification with a mental state during self-analysis. This seeks to allow the individual to develop own frames of reference in a greater state of immediate awareness. However, it can also lead to circular reasoning, preventing evolution of thought.
The main proposition is that “All behavior is oriented all of the time around the control of certain quantities with respect to specific reference conditions. In academics and scholarship, an author-title-date information in bibliographies and footnotes, specifying complete works of other people. Copying of material by another author without proper citation or without required permissions is plagiarism. Keeping a diary allows an individual to use references for personal organization, whether or not anyone else understands the systems of reference used. However, scholars have studied methods of reference because of their key role in communication and co-operation between different people, and also because of misunderstandings that can arise. Modern academic study of reference has been developing since the 19th century.
In scholarship, a reference may be a citation of a text that has been used in the creation of a piece of work such as an essay, report, or oration. Its primary purpose is to allow people who read such work to examine the author’s sources, either for validity or to learn more about the subject. In art, a reference is an item from which a work is based. Another example of reference is samples of various musical works being incorporated into a new one. Treanor, Brian, Aspects of alterity: Levinas, Marcel, and the contemporary debate, Fordham University Press, 2006, p.
Klein, Ernest, A comprehensive etymological dictionary of the English language, Vol II, Elsevier publishing company, Amsterdam, 1969, p. Natural Rationality, The Rlias Clark Group, Melbourne, 2010, p. Powers, William, Behavior: The Control of Perception, 2nd ed. Benchmark Publications, New Canaan, Connecticut, 2005, pp. Look up reference in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.